American Association of Medical Review Officers
AAMRO certification helps ensure the public’s receipt of quality services and ethical conduct by professionals in drug and alcohol testing.
Why Drug Test?
According to the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 8.4 percent of full-time employees (10.2 million) and 10.1 percent of part-time employees (3 million) aged 18 or older reported using illicit drugs within the past month. Employees who abuse drugs are 2.5 times more likely than other non-substance abusing coworkers to be absent for eight or more days. Drug abusers are 3.6 times more likely to be involved in an accident at work and 5 times more likely to file a workers compensation claim. 44% of abusers have sold drugs to other employees and 18% have stolen from co-workers to support their habit.
Drug testing programs aim to filter out drug users and deter drug use in the workplace. In two analyses of data (2002-2004; 2006) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, past-month illicit drug users:
- Said they would be less likely than those reporting no current illicit drug use to work for employers that conducted pre-employment drug testing (18.2% vs. 3.7%)
- Were more likely to report working for an employer that did not test employees for drugs compared to those working for employers that did (10.8% vs. 7.4 %).
- Reported they would be far less likely to work for employers that conduct random drug testing compared to those reporting no current illicit drug use (29.1% of past-month illicit drug users answered this way vs. 6.9% of non-users).
Full-time Employees Using Illegal Drugs